ARAB SPRING FAILURE FILETYPE PDF



Arab Spring Failure Filetype Pdf

What Were the Arab Spring Middle East Uprisings?. did not predict the failure of the historic event. Therefore, I thought the presentation of this concise volume will help the reader comprehend why the Arab Spring failed, and how the rise and fall of intolerant political Islam in the region needs us to revisit the understanding of democracy. A lot has been written about the Arab Spring., 28/02/2017В В· Widely considered a rebellion against bad autocratic regimes, many in the international community optimistically called this movement the "Arab Spring," seeing it as the beginning of a new era of democracy for the region. Researchers at the New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI), however, predicted otherwise..

The Arab Spring The Root Causes?- Al Manar TV Website Archive

THE ROOTS AND CAUSES OF THE 2011 ARAB UPRISINGS. 19/01/2018 · After monitoring the results of the Arab Spring over the last few years, the next step is to understand why some demonstrations have failed to break the status quo and others have produced catastrophic results. The best approach in this regard is to compare expectations and results. The Arab Spring is regarded by many as an utter, 27/02/2015 · On Dec. 17, 2010, a police officer seized Bouazizi’s unlicensed cart, rejected his fines and abused him. Frustrated, Bouazizi complained to the local municipality officials, but his request was denied. Hopeless and forlorn, he set himself on fire , which subsequently triggered widespread protests in Tunisia that led to the Arab Spring..

I will give you a very honest, and, surprising answer. You need to add a significant story that most people have totally forgotten: If you have read about the Algerian Civil War, you will definitely be shocked - the war of Algeria, at 1990s betwee... 13/12/2013 · Three years on from the start of the upheaval which became known as the Arab Spring, the Middle East is still in a state of flux. Rebellions have brought down regimes, but other outcomes have been far less predictable. The BBC's Middle East correspondent …

ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES NATO Foundation Defense College. The Arab revolutions, together with the US-Iranian peace overtures and the The Lebanese failure and the regional contradictions 63 It coincides with the American strategy of constraining Iran from expanding its influence in the energy-rich Persian Gulf region. 14 Syria also shows up the contradictions in Iranian policies toward the Arab Spring — supporting democracy in Bahrain while opposing it in Syria — …

About a revolution. The economic motivations of the Arab Spring Andrea Ansani Vittorio Daniele The uprisings of the ‘Arab spring’ were so forceful as to determine the overthrow of well-established leaderships and autocrats who had been in power for decades. Egypt’s Difficult Transition: Options for the International Community Hafez gHanem Change is under way in Egypt. But, its end is not clear and the road ahead is likely to be long and difficult. —Bruce K. Rutherford, Princeton University On June 30, 2013, millions of Egyptians took to the streets demand-

28/03/2016 · Conventional wisdom holds that the Arab uprisings that began in Tunisia in December 2010 failed. It’s hard to argue with such a harsh verdict. Most Arab regimes managed to survive their popular challenges through some combination of cooptation, coercion and modest reform. Egypt’s transition PDF On Jan 1, 2015, G. Luciani and others published On the economic causes of the Arab Spring and its possible developments. We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, The Arab Spring marked a discontinuity in regional history as well as in social .

The Arab Spring was a good way to lay the foundation for a more liberal middle east. Rome wasn't built in a day and anybody who thought the Arab Spring would create a huge sweep for multi-party-sectarian democratic governance, doesn't understand that these things take time. It coincides with the American strategy of constraining Iran from expanding its influence in the energy-rich Persian Gulf region. 14 Syria also shows up the contradictions in Iranian policies toward the Arab Spring — supporting democracy in Bahrain while opposing it in Syria — …

Instead, a new Arab political identity with an anti-despotic , pluralis t and democracy-seekin g approach is dawning . Roots and Causes of the Arab Uprisings There is a consensu s among politica l analysts regardin g the cocktai l of major factors that, when combined , created the socia l explosio n known as the 2011 Arab uprisings . 13/12/2013 · Three years on from the start of the upheaval which became known as the Arab Spring, the Middle East is still in a state of flux. Rebellions have brought down regimes, but other outcomes have been far less predictable. The BBC's Middle East correspondent …

The Arab Spring The Root Causes?- Al Manar TV Website Archive

arab spring failure filetype pdf

From Failed States to a Failed Region The Middle East in. ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES NATO Foundation Defense College. The Arab revolutions, together with the US-Iranian peace overtures and the The Lebanese failure and the regional contradictions 63, It coincides with the American strategy of constraining Iran from expanding its influence in the energy-rich Persian Gulf region. 14 Syria also shows up the contradictions in Iranian policies toward the Arab Spring — supporting democracy in Bahrain while opposing it in Syria — ….

The unsexy truth about why the Arab Spring failed Vox

arab spring failure filetype pdf

Arab Spring 10 unpredicted outcomes BBC News. From Failed States to a Failed Region: The Middle East in Crisis Jeremy Kinsman Why have Arab states failed? Within borders drawn by outsiders in their own imperial interests, most are insti-tutionally weak, archaic, corrupt and inert, riven by sec - tarian hostilities. The epicenter of failure is Syria, from Why the Arab Spring Failed: Choosing Survival Over Chaos . Five years after the Arab Spring, most Middle Eastern countries have either devolved into chaos or restored autocracy in a bid for stability - at the expense of region's burgeoning desire for freedom..

arab spring failure filetype pdf

  • The Arab Spring The Root Causes?- Al Manar TV Website Archive
  • Arab Spring Intelligence Failure Holds Warning for U.S
  • Arab Spring Causes & Consequences Revolutions Salafi

  • 27/10/2019В В· At the end of 2010 and the beginning of the 2011, a series of demonstrations and protests began to rise in the Arab world. These protests have become known as the "Arab Spring" (Ashley 2011), or, as someone else called it, the “Arab awakening” (Aljazeera, 2011). The Tunisian revolution that took Reflections Five Years After the Uprisings March 28, 2016. Contents Five years after Arab uprisings, failure and regionalized wars, while Syria degenerated into a horrific war . But simply dismissing the uprisings as a failure does not capture how fully they have transformed

    ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES NATO Foundation Defense College. The Arab revolutions, together with the US-Iranian peace overtures and the The Lebanese failure and the regional contradictions 63 unemployment rate among the Arab youth population was double the world average in the decade preceding the Arab Spring and remained little improved over that period.6 Furthermore, “a mind-boggling fifty million jobs need to be created by 2020 to fully absorb the young people due to come on to the labor market” not counting

    Some countries over the Spring can be deemed in different environments. This would definitely have impact on several nations but how much can only be described by the way they end. * Tunisia She is the most successful and the best thing ever came THE ARAB SPRING IN NORTH AFRICA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF KEY FACTORS AND ACTORS by ROBERT N. FUHRER Bachelor of Arts in Political Science University of Central Florida, 2008

    About a revolution. The economic motivations of the Arab Spring Andrea Ansani Vittorio Daniele The uprisings of the ‘Arab spring’ were so forceful as to determine the overthrow of well-established leaderships and autocrats who had been in power for decades. Analysis of the Arab Spring 3 Blunders in state response, in particular using a heavy-handed approach and trying to crush opposition, had the reverse effect of galvanising more people to join the protests (ICG, 2011b and 2011d). The armed forces played a decisive role in …

    28/02/2017В В· Widely considered a rebellion against bad autocratic regimes, many in the international community optimistically called this movement the "Arab Spring," seeing it as the beginning of a new era of democracy for the region. Researchers at the New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI), however, predicted otherwise. I will give you a very honest, and, surprising answer. You need to add a significant story that most people have totally forgotten: If you have read about the Algerian Civil War, you will definitely be shocked - the war of Algeria, at 1990s betwee...

    Israel and the Arab Spring: Understanding Attitudes and Responses to the "New Middle East" By Benedetta Berti From the outset, the Arab Spring has taken the world by storm. It both challenged the political status quo in the Middle East and attempted to write a new chapter in the history of the region. The Arab Spring unexpectedly developed in late 2010 with peaceful protests in a number of Arab countries against long-standing, entrenched regimes, and rapid political change across the region ensued. The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East examines these revolutions and …

    arab spring failure filetype pdf

    Israel and the Arab Spring: Understanding Attitudes and Responses to the "New Middle East" By Benedetta Berti From the outset, the Arab Spring has taken the world by storm. It both challenged the political status quo in the Middle East and attempted to write a new chapter in the history of the region. ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES NATO Foundation Defense College. The Arab revolutions, together with the US-Iranian peace overtures and the The Lebanese failure and the regional contradictions 63

    Very nice work to you both! I'm just getting cracking painting up the Dark Eldar I've managed to assemble, and so this guide is not only timely, but incredibly detailed and helpful! I'm going with a red-based theme with mine, but I can easily see the tips you've … 40k warp spider painting guide Beirut Enter your email to get the very latest - news, promotions, hobby tips and more from Games Workshop. You can unsubscribe at any time. By subscribing you confirm that you are over the age of 16 or have consent from your parent or guardian to subscribe.

    Reflections Five Years After the Uprisings

    arab spring failure filetype pdf

    Israel and the Arab Spring Understanding Attitudes and. THE ARAB SPRING IN NORTH AFRICA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF KEY FACTORS AND ACTORS by ROBERT N. FUHRER Bachelor of Arts in Political Science University of Central Florida, 2008, post-Arab Spring context are now also beginning to be considered.2 At the end of 2011, one of the most common questions among policy-makers and in the media remains: why do some authoritarian regimes remain in power while ‘Spring’. Considering the causes of failure of the Tunisia and Libyan regimes in.

    Israel and the Arab Spring Understanding Attitudes and

    The Fifth Anniversary of the “Arab spring” Results and. The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the Middle East in early 2011. But their purpose, relative success, and outcome remain hotly disputed in Arab countries, among foreign observers, and between world powers looking to cash in on the changing map of the Middle East., ˜e New Middle East Cold War. Beyond Sectarianism: The New Middle East Cold War F. Gregory Gause, III . ness and state failure running from Lebanon through Syria to Iraq that explains the current start with the Arab Spring, but the aftermath brought that hostility to the surface..

    Gone with the Wind? Four Years after the Arab Spring . Plenary Lecture by Prince Moulay Hicham Ben Abdallah . The very failure of authoritarian governments to enact credible reforms was what caused the initial Arab uprisings in . 5 MOULAY HICHAM BEN ABDALLAH, … of change that swept across Tunisia triggered a domino effect in several Arab countries such as Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen among others. In this paper, we examine the macroeconomic impact of the Arab Spring on the Tunisian economy from 2011 to 2013. Notwithstanding the worldwide interest in the Arab Spring, to the

    Instead, a new Arab political identity with an anti-despotic , pluralis t and democracy-seekin g approach is dawning . Roots and Causes of the Arab Uprisings There is a consensu s among politica l analysts regardin g the cocktai l of major factors that, when combined , created the socia l explosio n known as the 2011 Arab uprisings . Egypt’s Difficult Transition: Options for the International Community Hafez gHanem Change is under way in Egypt. But, its end is not clear and the road ahead is likely to be long and difficult. —Bruce K. Rutherford, Princeton University On June 30, 2013, millions of Egyptians took to the streets demand-

    Some countries over the Spring can be deemed in different environments. This would definitely have impact on several nations but how much can only be described by the way they end. * Tunisia She is the most successful and the best thing ever came The Arab Spring intelligence failure holds a warning for U.S. policymakers on Iran and elsewhere.

    Arab Spring: Its Causes And Consequences 3 Arab countries (Barany, 2011). At the eve of the Arab Spring, one out of four Egyptians and Tunisians young was out of employment. Along with the decrease in production, the demographic boom was also responsible for increasing unemployment. Instead, a new Arab political identity with an anti-despotic , pluralis t and democracy-seekin g approach is dawning . Roots and Causes of the Arab Uprisings There is a consensu s among politica l analysts regardin g the cocktai l of major factors that, when combined , created the socia l explosio n known as the 2011 Arab uprisings .

    of change that swept across Tunisia triggered a domino effect in several Arab countries such as Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen among others. In this paper, we examine the macroeconomic impact of the Arab Spring on the Tunisian economy from 2011 to 2013. Notwithstanding the worldwide interest in the Arab Spring, to the Arab Spring. Riots, Rabble and Revolutions: Causes and Consequences Outline of talk I. What is a revolution? Does the Arab Spring constitute a revolution? II. The Arab Spring in comparative perspective. A. Causes B. The fate of revolutionary movements. III. The possible outcome of the Arab Spring Scenarios for the future I. What is a revolution

    Reflections Five Years After the Uprisings March 28, 2016. Contents Five years after Arab uprisings, failure and regionalized wars, while Syria degenerated into a horrific war . But simply dismissing the uprisings as a failure does not capture how fully they have transformed 28/03/2016 · Conventional wisdom holds that the Arab uprisings that began in Tunisia in December 2010 failed. It’s hard to argue with such a harsh verdict. Most Arab regimes managed to survive their popular challenges through some combination of cooptation, coercion and modest reform. Egypt’s transition

    ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES NATO Foundation Defense College. The Arab revolutions, together with the US-Iranian peace overtures and the The Lebanese failure and the regional contradictions 63 The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the Middle East in early 2011. But their purpose, relative success, and outcome remain hotly disputed in Arab countries, among foreign observers, and between world powers looking to cash in on the changing map of the Middle East.

    13/12/2013 · Three years on from the start of the upheaval which became known as the Arab Spring, the Middle East is still in a state of flux. Rebellions have brought down regimes, but other outcomes have been far less predictable. The BBC's Middle East correspondent … The Food Crises and Political Instability in North Africa and the Middle East Marco Lagi, but rather from its sudden perceived failure to provide essential security to the pop- and government changes in North Africa and the Middle East known as the Arab Spring [42{44,46{54].

    The Arab spring has led to something depressingly like a region-wide rerun of the Algerian experience. Voices calling for the kind of sweeping, liberal reforms that might have pulled Arab countries into line with the rest of the world almost always proved too weak. Only Tunisia truly cast off its old ways and embraced a new, more open order. About a revolution. The economic motivations of the Arab Spring Andrea Ansani Vittorio Daniele The uprisings of the ‘Arab spring’ were so forceful as to determine the overthrow of well-established leaderships and autocrats who had been in power for decades.

    It coincides with the American strategy of constraining Iran from expanding its influence in the energy-rich Persian Gulf region. 14 Syria also shows up the contradictions in Iranian policies toward the Arab Spring — supporting democracy in Bahrain while opposing it in Syria — … Five years since the start of the Arab Spring: Achievements and failures In the beginning, the Arab revolutions were similar, but with time, they took different paths. Some have attained varying achievements, such as the Tunisian model, while others faltered and slipped into a civil war scenario, as in Yemen, Libya and Syria.

    27/01/2016 · Rather, it was about something much bigger and more abstract: the catastrophic failure of institutions. It's not a story that is particularly dramatic, and it's not easy to profile for a magazine cover. But when you look at what has happened from the Arab Spring, from its 2011 beginning through today, you see institutional failure everywhere. 28/03/2016 · Conventional wisdom holds that the Arab uprisings that began in Tunisia in December 2010 failed. It’s hard to argue with such a harsh verdict. Most Arab regimes managed to survive their popular challenges through some combination of cooptation, coercion and modest reform. Egypt’s transition

    The Arab Spring Jason Marshall Introduction The Arab Spring is a blanket term to cover a multitude of uprisings and protests in the Middle East that began in the winter of 2010 and continue today. Disturbances have ranged from protests to full civil war and … The Arab Spring unexpectedly developed in late 2010 with peaceful protests in a number of Arab countries against long-standing, entrenched regimes, and rapid political change across the region ensued. The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East examines these revolutions and …

    Arab Spring The Responsibility to Protect and a Selective

    arab spring failure filetype pdf

    Arab Spring brings success failures The Triangle. Лњe New Middle East Cold War. Beyond Sectarianism: The New Middle East Cold War F. Gregory Gause, III . ness and state failure running from Lebanon through Syria to Iraq that explains the current start with the Arab Spring, but the aftermath brought that hostility to the surface., ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL ARAB GEOPOLITICS IN TURMOIL PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES PERCEPTIONS, UNKNOWN AND POLICIES NATO Foundation Defense College. The Arab revolutions, together with the US-Iranian peace overtures and the The Lebanese failure and the regional contradictions 63.

    Presentation on ARAB SPRING SlideShare

    arab spring failure filetype pdf

    The Arab Spring Clemson University. When the Arab Spring happened in 2011, Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak had been in power since 1980, Tunisia’s Ben Ali since 1987, while Muammar al-Qaddafi ruled over Libya for 42 years. 27/10/2019 · At the end of 2010 and the beginning of the 2011, a series of demonstrations and protests began to rise in the Arab world. These protests have become known as the "Arab Spring" (Ashley 2011), or, as someone else called it, the “Arab awakening” (Aljazeera, 2011). The Tunisian revolution that took.

    arab spring failure filetype pdf


    Analysis of the Arab Spring 3 Blunders in state response, in particular using a heavy-handed approach and trying to crush opposition, had the reverse effect of galvanising more people to join the protests (ICG, 2011b and 2011d). The armed forces played a decisive role in … The Arab spring has led to something depressingly like a region-wide rerun of the Algerian experience. Voices calling for the kind of sweeping, liberal reforms that might have pulled Arab countries into line with the rest of the world almost always proved too weak. Only Tunisia truly cast off its old ways and embraced a new, more open order.

    Some countries over the Spring can be deemed in different environments. This would definitely have impact on several nations but how much can only be described by the way they end. * Tunisia She is the most successful and the best thing ever came 29/01/2016 · Failure appears to be the descriptor looming over one of the most defining moments in contemporary world history. So far, and by large, the Arab Spring has been examined through a material lens: the tangible achievements of each nation and the repercussions of …

    tious issues, the Arab Spring uprisings and their aftermath may provide a new context in which arms control initiatives could be more successful. It is too optimistic to think that existing dilemmas can be easily resolved in this new and changing environment, but the Arab Spring may provide strong momentum for change. In many ways the outcome of the Arab Spring is still in flux three years on. It will be some time before the dust settles and the new political shape of the region is known. In parallel to the Arab Spring, in 2012, the US and the European Union imposed the most comprehensive international sanctions programme yet seen against Iran.

    Gone with the Wind? Four Years after the Arab Spring . Plenary Lecture by Prince Moulay Hicham Ben Abdallah . The very failure of authoritarian governments to enact credible reforms was what caused the initial Arab uprisings in . 5 MOULAY HICHAM BEN ABDALLAH, … The Arab Spring Jason Marshall Introduction The Arab Spring is a blanket term to cover a multitude of uprisings and protests in the Middle East that began in the winter of 2010 and continue today. Disturbances have ranged from protests to full civil war and …

    post-Arab Spring context are now also beginning to be considered.2 At the end of 2011, one of the most common questions among policy-makers and in the media remains: why do some authoritarian regimes remain in power while ‘Spring’. Considering the causes of failure of the Tunisia and Libyan regimes in Analysis of the Arab Spring 3 Blunders in state response, in particular using a heavy-handed approach and trying to crush opposition, had the reverse effect of galvanising more people to join the protests (ICG, 2011b and 2011d). The armed forces played a decisive role in …

    19/01/2018В В· After monitoring the results of the Arab Spring over the last few years, the next step is to understand why some demonstrations have failed to break the status quo and others have produced catastrophic results. The best approach in this regard is to compare expectations and results. The Arab Spring is regarded by many as an utter 27/01/2016В В· Rather, it was about something much bigger and more abstract: the catastrophic failure of institutions. It's not a story that is particularly dramatic, and it's not easy to profile for a magazine cover. But when you look at what has happened from the Arab Spring, from its 2011 beginning through today, you see institutional failure everywhere.

    Лњe New Middle East Cold War. Beyond Sectarianism: The New Middle East Cold War F. Gregory Gause, III . ness and state failure running from Lebanon through Syria to Iraq that explains the current start with the Arab Spring, but the aftermath brought that hostility to the surface. 19/01/2018В В· After monitoring the results of the Arab Spring over the last few years, the next step is to understand why some demonstrations have failed to break the status quo and others have produced catastrophic results. The best approach in this regard is to compare expectations and results. The Arab Spring is regarded by many as an utter

    The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the Middle East in early 2011. But their purpose, relative success, and outcome remain hotly disputed in Arab countries, among foreign observers, and between world powers looking to cash in on the changing map of the Middle East. Лњe New Middle East Cold War. Beyond Sectarianism: The New Middle East Cold War F. Gregory Gause, III . ness and state failure running from Lebanon through Syria to Iraq that explains the current start with the Arab Spring, but the aftermath brought that hostility to the surface.

    However, the recent Arab Uprisings, better known as the Arab Spring, have intensified volatility, turning this " hot-spot " into a veritable tinderbox whose potential for explosion has far-reaching national, regional and global implications. This review analyses and describes the events leading to the Arab Spring. Reflections Five Years After the Uprisings March 28, 2016. Contents Five years after Arab uprisings, failure and regionalized wars, while Syria degenerated into a horrific war . But simply dismissing the uprisings as a failure does not capture how fully they have transformed

    Reflections Five Years After the Uprisings March 28, 2016. Contents Five years after Arab uprisings, failure and regionalized wars, while Syria degenerated into a horrific war . But simply dismissing the uprisings as a failure does not capture how fully they have transformed Arab Spring: Its Causes And Consequences 3 Arab countries (Barany, 2011). At the eve of the Arab Spring, one out of four Egyptians and Tunisians young was out of employment. Along with the decrease in production, the demographic boom was also responsible for increasing unemployment.

    Gone with the Wind? Four Years after the Arab Spring . Plenary Lecture by Prince Moulay Hicham Ben Abdallah . The very failure of authoritarian governments to enact credible reforms was what caused the initial Arab uprisings in . 5 MOULAY HICHAM BEN ABDALLAH, … In many ways the outcome of the Arab Spring is still in flux three years on. It will be some time before the dust settles and the new political shape of the region is known. In parallel to the Arab Spring, in 2012, the US and the European Union imposed the most comprehensive international sanctions programme yet seen against Iran.

    It coincides with the American strategy of constraining Iran from expanding its influence in the energy-rich Persian Gulf region. 14 Syria also shows up the contradictions in Iranian policies toward the Arab Spring — supporting democracy in Bahrain while opposing it in Syria — … The Arab Spring Jason Marshall Introduction The Arab Spring is a blanket term to cover a multitude of uprisings and protests in the Middle East that began in the winter of 2010 and continue today. Disturbances have ranged from protests to full civil war and …

    About a revolution. The economic motivations of the Arab Spring Andrea Ansani Vittorio Daniele The uprisings of the ‘Arab spring’ were so forceful as to determine the overthrow of well-established leaderships and autocrats who had been in power for decades. 13/12/2013 · Three years on from the start of the upheaval which became known as the Arab Spring, the Middle East is still in a state of flux. Rebellions have brought down regimes, but other outcomes have been far less predictable. The BBC's Middle East correspondent …

    Why the Arab Spring Failed: Choosing Survival Over Chaos . Five years after the Arab Spring, most Middle Eastern countries have either devolved into chaos or restored autocracy in a bid for stability - at the expense of region's burgeoning desire for freedom. did not predict the failure of the historic event. Therefore, I thought the presentation of this concise volume will help the reader comprehend why the Arab Spring failed, and how the rise and fall of intolerant political Islam in the region needs us to revisit the understanding of democracy. A lot has been written about the Arab Spring.